Electrical appliances operate at various levels of electricity. Therefore, circuit boards contain a mixture of different gauges.
Connecting two different gauges of wire can be problematic, but not impractical. But can you connect 10 gauge wire to 12 gauge wire? Let’s find out.
Can you connect 10 gauge wire to 12 gauge?
Connecting 10 gauge wire to 12 gauge is a safe procedure. A 20A circuit is mandatory for the connection. 12 gauge wires need 20A protectors, while 10 gauge need 30A. That means, 10-gauge has a higher current flow than 12-gauge. Therefore, 20A will prevent 10 gauge from overflowing into 12 gauge.
A wire of 10 gauge can deliver more than 240 volts. Large appliances such as air conditioners and washing machines require such wires. In contrast, 12 gauge wire is ideal for lighting and other parts of a living room.
All of these devices usually run on 120 volts. Such devices use fuses of 20 amps. They protect against excessive current.
Since 10 gauge wires carry more electricity, connecting a 12 gauge wire directly to this wire will damage small parts such as fans and lights. That’s because 10 gauge wire includes a 30A fuse. That means The fuse is larger than the wires and device capacity.
Medium size electrical devices require a wire of 12 gauge. Connecting a 10 gauge wire to a 12 gauge power line requires a 20A fuse. It can optimize the overflow and can safely connect 12 gauge wire and small home appliances.
However, it is always possible that the fuse might be damaged by too much electricity. Using a voltage optimizer is the safest solution.
When you connect a device with 240 volts or more, 12 gauge is not an acceptable alternative. Because the amount of electricity it will receive is too much for the 12 gauge wire. This wire can’t transmit electricity in the same way that a 10-gauge wire can.
Alternatively, you can connect a 10 gauge cable to a 12 gauge cable to connect devices that use relatively less power. The power transmission capability of 10 gauge wire eliminates the danger.
When can you connect 10 gauge wire to 12 gauge?
It is generally possible to connect a 10 gauge wire to a 12 gauge wire. You must make sure that the wires are connected properly. They are essential for a secure connection.
Breaker with 20A capacity:
For electronic devices that require less electricity, a 10 gauge wire can be an alternative to 12 gauge wire. You can also combine the two. For that case, the main requirement is to use a circuit breaker with 20A power.
The maximum capacity of a circuit breaker for a 12 gauge wire is 20 amps. Even if you add 10 gauges with 12 gauges, you have to keep a 20A circuit breaker.
Stay within 120 volts-device:
It is essential that the device to which you are connecting is at 120 volts or less. You can combine 10 gauge and 12 gauge to connect household electrical appliances such as lights, fans, vacuums, etc.
Never use 12 gauge for high power connections:
When electronics use 240 volts or more of power, they are normally connected by a 10 gauge wire. You should not use 12 gauge wire to connect this type of device.
Is it ok to connect different gauge wires?
You only need to maintain one fact when you combine wires of varying gauges. That is, you should use a stronger gauge than your device requires.
For example, a gauge with a lower value is more electrically conductive. The carrying capacity of 10 gauge is more than 12 gauge.
For example, a 12 gauge cable works well for installing refrigerators. For this application, you can use 10 gauge and 12 gauge wire together.
However, you cannot use 14 gauge wire on a refrigerator. Because a 14 gauge cannot supply enough power for the refrigerator.
Circuit boards provide electrical connections to the household through different gauge wires. Adding different gauge wires together is a natural process.
However, unplanned wiring of different gauges can be dangerous since excess electricity can cause a fire. Keep it simple to avoid trouble. Use a stronger gauge than needed.
How to connect two different gauge wires?
There are numerous methods for assembling two-gauge wires. It is possible to make perfect and strong connections with a Box Connector.
Tools you need:
There are some basic tools you’ll need to make a perfect connection. Crimping tools, screwdrivers, connect boxes, and duct tape is among those needed.
Wear gloves and safety glasses for your own protection. And keep the electrical connection off while working.
Adjust connector box:
There are different sizes of connector boxes available on the market. Based on the number of cables to be connected, choose the size of the connector box. Now unscrew nuts and bolt and open the lid of the connector box.
Pull back the cable cover:
It is necessary to open the wire covers of the two wires that will be connected. 1 cm open wire will be enough. To cut the cover, you can use crimping tools.
Set up a cable connection:
Place the 10 gauge cable on one side of the connector box and the 12 gauge cable on the other. Loosen the two screws inside the connector box on both sides. Insert two wires into each hole.
Make sure they are tightly secured. With a screwdriver, attach the cover permanently to the connector box with the hook.
Place the connector box:
It can connect multiple wires securely, and it can be installed both outdoors and indoors. You can make it waterproof with duct tape if you plan to keep it in an open place.
10 gauge vs 12 gauge wire: What are the differences?
Wires with 10 gauge and 12 gauge are significantly different in size, current, diameter, and weight.
The size of the conductor diameter of a 10 gauge wire is usually 0.1019 inches or 0.2588 centimeters. On the other hand, the diameter of the 12 gauge wire is 0.0808 inches or 0.2052 centimeters.
Gauge is inversely proportional to wire thickness; the lower the gauge, the thicker the wire. For example, a wire of 10 gauge is thicker than a wire of 12 gauge. 10 gauge also provides more power transmission capability.
As the thickness of 10 gauge wire is more, its weight is also more. The minimum weight of 10 gauge wire per 1000 feet is 31.5 lbs or 14.5 kg. On the other hand, the minimum weight of 12 gauge wire is 9.6 lbs or 4.5 kg per 1000 feet.
The lower the gauge number, the larger the cable will be. That means the size of 10 gauges is comparatively more than 12 gauges.
|10 Gauge||10 Gauge|
|Diameter||0.1019 inch||0.0808 inch|
|Ohms per 1000 ft.||0.9989||1.588|
|Conductor cross-section in mm2||5.26||3.31|
|Maximum amps for chassis wiring||55||41|
|Maximum amps forpower transmission||15||9.3|
What gauge wire carries more current 10 or 12 gauge?
The lower the gauge, the more current the wire can carry. For example, 10 gauge is smaller, so it transmits more electricity. In comparison, 12 gauge carries less power. 10 gauge can transmit her 15 amp power, while 12 gauge can supply 9.3 amps.
10 gauge or 12 gauge wire: which one is better?
The gauge is not the determining factor in the quality of the cable. Ten gauge cables are recommended for devices that require more power. Twelve gauge cables are suitable for appliances in the home.
The two types are generally of sufficient quality. The use of 10 gauge wire for home appliances is fine, but 12 gauge wire for high-power electrical devices can be problematic.
Can two 12 gauge wires replace one 10 gauge?
The combination of two 12-gauge wires does not make a 10-gauge wire. Twisting a 12-gauge wire doubles its carrying capacity. However, that isn’t equivalent to 10 gauge.
Twisted 12 gauge cable requires a 40A circuit breaker. The 10 gauge circuit requires 30A.
There is no problem at all connecting a 10 gauge wire to a 12 gauge wire. Make sure that the current in the wire does not exceed 120 volts. Use a 20 amp circuit protector to make sure that the connection is safe. The combination of different gauges is a perfectly safe and normal procedure.